There is no safe way to prevent schizophrenia, but following the treatment plan can help prevent recurrences or worsening of symptoms. Also, researchers hope to learn more about risk factors for schizophrenia that may lead to earlier diagnosis and treatment.
How could we deal with this mental health disorder?
Diagnosing schizophrenia implies excluding other mental health disorders and determining that the symptoms are not due to substance abuse, medication, or a medical condition. Determining a diagnosis of schizophrenia may include:
- Physical Test: This can be done to exclude other items that can cause symptoms and to check whether complications are accompanied.
- Tests and performances: This can include tests that help eliminate conditions with similar symptoms and alcohol and drug testing. The doctor can also order imaging studies, such as an MRI or CT scan.
- Psychiatric assessment: A doctor or mental health professional monitors a mental condition by observing the appearance and behaviour and asking for thoughts, moods, illusions, hallucinations, drug use, and the possibility of violence or suicide. It also includes a discussion of family and personal history.
- Diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia: A physician or mental health professional can use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association.
Schizophrenia requires lifelong treatment, even if the symptoms have improved. Medication and psychosocial treatment can help control the condition. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary.
In the treatment of schizophrenia. psychiatrist usually directed the treatment. The treatment team may also include a psychologist, social worker, a psychiatric nurse and possibly the leader of cases to coordinate treatment. The entire team type may be available in clinics with expertise in the treatment of schizophrenia.
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